Do you mean that you’re talking in the context of a straight relationship? Parenting is probably the same regardless of who the parents are. Depends on your perspective, I suppose. I agree that the dangers that children are exposed have changed, but that doesn’t mean there were no dangers in the past or that life was necessarily simpler, e.g. children in factory work, abduction without modern technology and communication to help, less understandIng of mental health, sexual abuse, etc., sickness without modern medicine, limited access to healthcare, less access to education, etc. Whilst a lot more people do work outside of the home (until a few months ago), I would say that we probably have more free time to spend with our children. Leisure time, holidays and annual leave are all relatively modern concepts, as are restrictions on working hours. Household tasks are less labour intensive due to modern technology, which frees up a lot of time, and we also have electric lighting, reliable street lights, etc. which means we can easily do things before sunrise and after sunset. I would say that parenting isn’t necessarily harder or easier, it’s just different and has presented different challenges at different time. There would have been, and still is, a lot of variation between families, different socio-economic groups, and different countries and cultures, which makes it hard to make too many generalisations.