I'm going to come out and cynically, though realistically, admit that there is no solution to childhood/adolescent bullying, and never will be. It will never end. Why do I say this? It's all about the nature of people. Bullying is, for all intents and purposes, natural. "Natural" is not desirable, however. Children's brains are not fully developed. This was in study after study in the middle of the last decade, where fMRI studies confirmed this. If you don't even have a properly developed brain, what's the first thing you're going to do? Revert to base instinct and shun all those who don't conform! Children are, for all intents and purposes, animals until their reasoning develops. It's even in my personal experience as well. Bullying does not stop until you learn that what one is doing will not be tolerated in the real world. I say this because although bullying will never be eliminated, these are time-critical years where we must teach children what is right and what is wrong, so that they may put these virtues into practice when they do finally "grow out of it." Simple Aristotlean conditioning: those habituated in youth to do virtuous things will do them, but in adulthood. Is this to say there is nothing we can do about it? Yes, pretty much. But animals react to animal stimuli. This is why this "go to your teacher or parent" bullshit is not going to work. Hence why I believe that victims of bullying must be taught to fight back. Why? Because when you fight back, it stops. Much as if you placed your pet's paw on a stove (if you actually do this, you're a fuckwad), it would never bother to go near the stove again...bullies must, quite bluntly, be hurt. It's a form of corporal punishment, and the only way a still animalistic-brain will learn what is right and what is not. Children engage in savage power-struggles like any other animal. There are people on top and people on bottom by virtue of raw strength. You can't apply mature, adult logic to handle animal matters like theirs. It doesn't stop until you, quite literally, grow up, and then only if you're properly habituated. Adults of course engage in hate crimes as well; these people don't use their reasoning properly because they never learned. Which brings me to why I'm writing this. This liberal mindset of "never hitting anyone" does not work. I'm writing it here specifically, because of the prevalence of gay bullying. Gays are bullied because they are "different", and the tribal mindset of children is that anyone who is different is a threat to the social order. If we're ever going to put an end to this, the only thing to do is to tell gay children: fight back! They won't back down unless you show them superiority in strength, because that is all they know! What we are doing now in American schools does not work.